Kryminalistyka a kryminologia

 


Czyli jaka jest różnica pomiędzy kierunkami Forensic Science a Criminology?
W skrócie: Investigation vs. Explanation


Forensic science, po polsku medycyna sądowa / kryminalistyka zajmuje się wyjaśnianiem zbrodni oraz podobnych zagadnień związanych z tym problemem. Kryminologia (criminology) natomiast skupia się na teorii oraz pojęciu zbrodni jako zjawiska społecznego. Medycyna sądowa (często możemy spotkać się też z nazwą forensics) to zarówno nauka, jak i technika polegająca na odkrywaniu zbrodni oraz prowadzenia dochodzenia na podstawie zebranych dowodów, które bada się potem w laboratorium. Dzieli się ona m.in. na:

  • forensic anthropology
     
  • forensic archaeology
     
  • DNA profiling
     
  • bloodstain pattern analysis

   
 

Forensic scientist (specjalista w dziedzinie medycyny sądowej) zajmuje się zbieraniem i analizowaniem dowodów materialnych. Materiały niezbędne do badań to np. krew oraz inne płyny ustrojowe, włosy, włókna, które pomagają potem w wyjaśnieniu zbrodni. Co mogę robić po medycynie sądowej? Np. pracować jako:

  • Crime Scene Investigator
     
  • Fingerprint Officer
     
  • Detective
     
  • Toxicologist
     
  • Forensic Photographer

 
 

Kryminologia zajmuje się zachowaniami przestępczymi, przyczynami zbrodni, metodami zapobiegania zbrodniom oraz resocjalizacją czy karą dla przestępców. Jest to dziedzina, która łączy nauki behawioralne, nauki społeczne oraz prawo. Kryminologia dzieli się m.in. na:

  • General Criminology
     
  • Criminal Sociology
     
  • Criminal Psychology
     
  • Green Criminology


 


Można studiować samą kryminologię, ale jest też opcja wybrania kryminologii z prawem, psychologią czy socjologią. Co mogę robić po kryminologii? Np. pracować jako:

  • Drug enforcement agent
     
  • Litigation manager
     
  • Probation officer
     
  • Victim services specialist
     
  • CIA agent
     
  • Criminologist

Kryminologia i kryminalistyka na naszych uczelniach partnerskich:

Bedfordshire University

Criminology BA (Hons)
http://www.beds.ac.uk/howtoapply/courses/undergraduate/next-year/criminology

Criminology and Sociology BA (Hons)
http://www.beds.ac.uk/howtoapply/courses/undergraduate/next-year/criminology-and-sociology

Law with Criminology LLB (Hons)
http://www.beds.ac.uk/howtoapply/courses/undergraduate/next-year/law-with-criminology

Psychology and Criminology BSc (Hons)
http://www.beds.ac.uk/howtoapply/courses/undergraduate/next-year/psychology-and-criminology

Forensic Science BSc (Hons)
http://www.beds.ac.uk/howtoapply/courses/undergraduate/next-year/forensicscience

London Metropolitan University

Criminology - BSc (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology---bsc-hons/

Criminology and International Security - BA (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-and-international-security---ba-hons/

Criminology and Law - BA (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-and-law---ba-hons/

Criminology and Policing - BSc (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-and-policing---bsc-hons/

Criminology and Psychology - BSc (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-and-psychology---bsc-hons/

Criminology and Sociology - BSc (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-and-sociology---bsc-hons/

Criminology and Youth Studies - BSc (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-and-youth-studies---bsc-hons/

Criminology, Policing and Law Extended Degree (including Foundation Year) - BSc (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-policing-and-law-extended-degree-including-foundation-year---bsc-hons/

Forensic Science - BSc (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/forensic-science---bsc-hons/

Forensic Science Extended Degree - BSc (Hons)
http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/forensic-science-extended-degree---bsc-hons/

Nottingham Trent University

Criminology - BA (Hons)
https://www.ntu.ac.uk/study-and-courses/courses/find-your-course/social-sciences/ug/2018-19/criminology

Law with Criminology - LLB (Hons)
https://www.ntu.ac.uk/study-and-courses/courses/find-your-course/law/ug/2018-19/law-with-criminology

Psychology with Criminology - BSc (Hons)
https://www.ntu.ac.uk/study-and-courses/courses/find-your-course/social-sciences/ug/2018-19/psychology-with-criminology

Forensic Science - BSc (Hons)
https://www.ntu.ac.uk/study-and-courses/courses/find-your-course/science-technology/ug/2018-19/bsc-forensic-science

Forensic Science - FdSc
https://www.ntu.ac.uk/study-and-courses/courses/find-your-course/science-technology/ug/2018-19/fdsc-forensic-science

Sunderland University

Criminology BSc (Hons)
http://www.sunderland.ac.uk/courses/educationandsociety/undergraduate/criminology/

Criminology - Combined Subjects (Major, Dual and Minor) BSc/BA (Hons)
http://www.sunderland.ac.uk/courses/educationandsociety/undergraduate/criminology-combined-subjects/

Coventry University

Criminology BA (Hons)
http://www.coventry.ac.uk/course-structure/health-and-life-sciences/undergraduate-degree/2017-18/criminology-ba-hons/

Criminology and Psychology BA (Hons)
http://www.coventry.ac.uk/course-structure/health-and-life-sciences/undergraduate-degree/2017-18/criminology-and-psychology-ba-hons/

Criminology and Law BA (Hons)
http://www.coventry.ac.uk/course-structure/health-and-life-sciences/undergraduate-degree/2017-18/criminology-and-law-ba-hons/

Psychology and Criminology BSc (Hons)
http://www.coventry.ac.uk/course-structure/health-and-life-sciences/undergraduate-degree/2017-18/psychology-and-criminology-bsc-hons/

Forensic Investigations BSc (Hons)
http://www.coventry.ac.uk/course-structure/health-and-life-sciences/undergraduate-degree/2017-18/forensic-investigations-bsc-hons/

Biological and Forensic Sciences BSc (Hons)
http://www.coventry.ac.uk/course-structure/health-and-life-sciences/undergraduate-degree/2017-18/biological-and-forensic-sciences-bsc-hons/

Analytical Chemistry and Forensic Science BSc (Hons)
http://www.coventry.ac.uk/course-structure/health-and-life-sciences/undergraduate-degree/2017-18/analytical-chemistry-and-forensic-science-bsc-hons/

Southampton Solent University

BSc (Hons) Psychology (Forensic and Psychopathology)
https://www.solent.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/psychology-forensic-and-psychopathology-bsc?year=2018

BA (Hons) Criminal Investigation with Psychology- Law & Criminology Foundation Year (Jan start)
https://www.solent.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminal-investigation-with-psychology-ba?year=2018

BA (Hons) Criminology
https://www.solent.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-ba?year=2018

BA (Hons) Criminology Law & Criminology Foundation Year
https://www.solent.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-ba?year=2018

BA (Hons) Criminology and Psychology
https://www.solent.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/criminology-and-psychology-ba?year=2018

University of South Wales

BSc (Hons) Forensic Biology
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/36-bsc-hons-forensic-biology

BSc (Hons) Forensic Biology (Including foundation year)
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/1287-bsc-hons-forensic-biology-including-foundation-year

BSc (Hons) Forensic Science
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/73-bsc-hons-forensic-science

BSc (Hons) Forensic Science with Criminology
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/197-bsc-hons-forensic-science-with-criminology

BSc (Hons) Criminology & Criminal Justice and Youth Justice
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/1181-bsc-hons-criminology-criminal-justice-and-youth-justice

BSc (Hons) Criminology and Criminal Justice
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/48-bsc-hons-criminology-and-criminal-justice

BSc (Hons) Criminology and Criminal Justice and Sociology
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/547-bsc-hons-criminology-and-criminal-justice-and-sociology

BSc (Hons) Criminology and Criminal Justice with Psychology
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/339-bsc-hons-criminology-and-criminal-justice-with-psychology

BSc (Hons) Psychology with Criminology & Criminal Justice
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/173-bsc-hons-psychology-with-criminology-criminal-justice

LLB (Hons) Law with Criminology and Criminal Justice
http://courses.southwales.ac.uk/courses/331-llb-hons-law-with-criminology-and-criminal-justice

Birkbeck, University of London

Criminology and Criminal Justice (BSc): 3-year, full-time degree by evening study
http://www.bbk.ac.uk/study/2018/undergraduate/programmes/UUBSCRIM_C/

Buckinghamshire New University

BSc (Hons) Criminological Psychology
http://bucks.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/BH1CMP1/

BSc (Hons) Criminology
http://bucks.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/BJ1CRM1/

BSc (Hons) Psychology and Criminology
http://bucks.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/BH1PAC2/

BSc (Hons) Criminology
http://bucks.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/BJ1CRM1/

BSc (Hons) Police Studies with Criminological Psychology
http://bucks.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/BJ1PCP1/

BSc (Hons) Psychology and Criminology
http://bucks.ac.uk/courses/undergraduate/BH1PAC1/



 

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